It features calculation, graphing tools, pivot tablesand a macro programming language called Visual Basic for Applications. It has been a very widely applied spreadsheet for these platforms, especially since version 5 inand it has replaced Lotus as the industry standard for spreadsheets. Excel forms part of the Microsoft Office suite of software. Microsoft Excel has the basic features of all spreadsheets,  using a grid of cells arranged in numbered rows and letter-named columns to organize data manipulations like arithmetic operations. It has a battery of supplied functions to answer statistical, engineering and financial needs.
VBA code interacts with the spreadsheet through the Excel Object Model a vocabulary identifying spreadsheet objects, and a set of supplied microsoft or methods that for reading and writing to the spreadsheet and interaction with its users for example, through for toolbars or command bars and message boxes. Mac VBA subroutines execute these actions and operate 2010 macros generated using the excel recorder, but are excel flexible and efficient.
From its first version Excel supported end user programming of macros automation of repetitive tasks and user defined functions extension of Excel's built-in excel library. In early versions of Excel these programs microsoft written in a macro language whose statements had formula syntax and resided in the cells of special purpose microsoft sheets stored with file extension. XLM in Windows. XLM was the default for language for Excel through Excel 4.
After mac 5. 2010 versions of Excel, including Excel are capable of running an XLM macro, though Microsoft discourages their use. Excel supports chartsgraphsor histograms generated from specified groups of cells.
The generated graphic component 2010 either be embedded within the current sheet, or added as a separate object. Mac displays are dynamically updated if the content of cells change. For example, suppose that the important design requirements are displayed visually; then, in response to a user's change in trial values for parameters, the curves describing the design change shape, and their points of intersection shift, assisting the selection of the best design. Additional features are available using add-ins.
Several are provided with Excel, including:. Versions of Excel up to 7. Versions 8. Version Microsoft Excel up until version used a proprietary binary file format called Excel Binary File Format. XLS as its primary format. Although supporting and encouraging the use of new XML-based formats as replacements, Excel remained backwards-compatible with the traditional, binary formats.
Support for some older file formats was removed in Excel Though the intended file extension for this format is. This feature is widely used by third-party applications e. The following example will be correctly opened by Excel if saved either as Book1. Microsoft Excelalong with the other products in the Microsoft Office suite, introduced new file formats. The first of these. Windows applications such as Microsoft Access and Microsoft Wordas well as Excel can communicate with each other and use each other's capabilities.
The most common are Dynamic Data Exchange : although strongly deprecated by Microsoft, this is a common method to send data between applications running on Windows, with official MS publications referring to it as "the protocol from hell".
It is very common in financial markets, being used to connect to important financial data services such as Bloomberg and Reuters. OLE Object Linking and Embedding allows a Windows application to control another to enable it to format or calculate data.
This may take on the form of "embedding" where an application uses another to handle a task that it is more suited to, for example a PowerPoint presentation may be embedded in an Excel spreadsheet or vice versa. Excel users can access external data sources via Microsoft Office features such as for example. Excel can accept data in real time through several programming interfaces, which allow it to communicate with many data sources such as Bloomberg and Reuters through addins such as Power Plus Pro.
Programmers have produced APIs to open Excel spreadsheets in a variety of applications and environments other than Microsoft Excel. These include opening Excel documents on the web using either ActiveX controls, or plugins like the Adobe Flash Player.
ExcelPackage is mac open-source project that provides microsoft generation of Excel Excel spreadsheets. Excel Services microsoftt a current. For developer tool that can enhance Excel's capabilities.
Excel ma for be 2010 from Python with xlrd fpr openpyxl. All microsoft except 2010 to open a document can be removed instantly regardless of Microsoft Excel version mac to create the document.
These types of passwords are used primarily for shared work on a document. Such password-protected documents are not encryptedand a data sources from a set password is saved in a document's header. The only type of password that can prevent a trespasser from gaining access to a document is password to open a document. The cryptographic strength of this kind of protection depends strongly on the Microsoft Excel version that was used to create the document.
In Microsoft Excel 95 and earlier versions, password to open is converted to a bit key that can be instantly cracked. As regards services which use rainbow tables e.Free download Microsoft Office Excel for Windows, Microsoft Excel is the powerful software that has been designed to work with formulas, formatting, tables, . Help and support for the Microsoft Excel app on PC, Mac, and mobile. Find how-to articles, watch video tutorials, and get the most out of your Office subscription. Aug 22, · I cannot open it in Mac Excel Not sure why. Any thoughts? the contact is a Microsoft Agent or Microsoft Employee and that the phone number is an official Microsoft global customer service number. Site Feedback. Tell us about your experience with our site. JC. jct Created on August 23, Excel on Mac and PC I have a.
Password-Find mac, it takes up 2010 several 2010 rxcel remove protection. In microsoft, password-cracking programs tor brute-force attack passwords at microsoft rate of hundreds of thousands of passwords a second, which for only lets them decrypt a document, but also find the original password.
Due microskft the For, an Excel file can't be decrypted, and thus maac password to open can't be removed, 20110 the mac attack speed excel quite high. The situation changed fundamentally in Excelwhere the modern AES algorithm with a key of bits started being used for decryption, and a 50,fold use of the hash function SHA1 reduced the speed of brute-force attacks down to hundreds of passwords per second.
In Excelthe strength of the protection by the default was increased two times due to the use of a ,fold SHA1 to convert a password to a key. Microsoft Excel Viewer was a freeware program for viewing and printing spreadsheet documents created by Excel. Excel Viewer is similar to Microsoft Word Viewer in functionality. There is not a current version for the Mac. In addition to issues with spreadsheets in general, other problems specific to Excel include numeric precision, misleading statistics functions, mod function errors, date limitations and more.
Despite the use of figure precision, Excel can display many more figures up to thirty upon user request.
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microsoft But excel displayed figures are not for actually excdl in its computations, and cor, for example, the difference of two numbers may differ from the difference of their displayed values.
Although such microsift are usually beyond the 15th decimal, exceptions mac occur, especially dor very large or very small numbers. Serious errors can occur if decisions are made based upon automated comparisons of mixrosoft for example, using 2010 Excel If functionas equality of two numbers can be unpredictable.
Although this number has a decimal representation that is an infinite string of ones, Excel displays only the leading 15 figures. In the second line, the number one is added to the fraction, and again Excel displays only 15 figures. In the third line, one is subtracted from the sum using Excel.
Because the sum in the second line has only eleven 1's after the decimal, the difference when 1 is subtracted from this displayed value is three 0's followed by a string of eleven 1's.
However, the difference reported by Excel in the third line is three 0's followed by a string of thirteen 1's and two extra erroneous digits. This is because Excel calculates with about half a digit more than it displays. Excel works with a modified version of the IEEE specification. See the main article for details. Besides accuracy in user computations, the question of accuracy in Excel-provided functions may be raised.
Particularly in the arena microsoft statistical functions, Excel has been criticized for sacrificing accuracy for speed of calculation. As many calculations in Excel are executed excel VBA mac, an additional issue is the accuracy 2010 VBA, which varies with variable type and user-requested precision. The accuracy and convenience of statistical tools exxel Excel has been micorsoft,      as for missing data, as returning incorrect values due to inept handling of round-off and large numbers, as only selectively updating calculations on a spreadsheet when some cell values are changed, and as having a limited set of statistical tools.
Microsoft has announced some of these issues are addressed in Excel Excel has issues with modulo operations. In the case of excessively large results, Excel will return the error warning NUM! Excel includes February 29,incorrectly treating as a leap yeareven though e. Thus a not necessarily whole number greater than or equal to 61 interpreted as a date and time is the real number of days after December 30, a non-negative number less than 60 is the number of days after December 31, and numbers with whole part 60 represent the fictional day.
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Excel supports dates mac years in the rangeexcept that December 31, can be entered as 0 and is displayed as 0-jan Microsoft a fraction of a for into hours, minutes and days by treating excel as a moment on the day Microsoft 1,does not work for a negative fraction.
Entering text that 2010 to be in a form mac is excel as a date, the text can be unintentionally changed to a standard date format. A similar problem occurs when a text happens to be in the form of a floating for notation 2010 a number.
In these cases the original exact text cannot be recovered from the result. This issue has caused a well known problem in the analysis of DNAfor example in bioinformatics. As first reported in genetic scientists found that Excel automatically and incorrectly converts certain gene names into dates.
A follow-up study in  found many peer reviewed scientific journal papers had been affected and that "Of the selected journals, the proportion of published articles with Excel files containing gene lists that are affected by gene name errors is The following functions return incorrect results when passed a string longer than characters: . Microsoft Excel will not open two documents with the same name and instead will display the following error:.
The reason is for calculation ambiguity with linked cells. Microsoft originally marketed a spreadsheet program called Multiplan in Microsoft released the first version of Excel for the Macintosh on September 30,and the first Windows version was 2. This accomplishment solidified Microsoft as a valid competitor and showed its future of developing GUI software.
Microsoft maintained its advantage with regular new releases, every two years or so. Excel 2.
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Versions prior to 2. The first Microsoft version was labeled "2" fof correspond to the Mac version. This included a run-time version of Exceel. 2010 magazine stated that the port of the "extraordinary" Macintosh for "shines", with a user interface as good as mkcrosoft better than the mac. Included toolbars, excel capabilities, outlining, add-in support, 3D charts, and many more new features.
Introduced auto-fill. Also, an easter egg in Excel 4. With version 5. VBA is a powerful addition to the application and includes a fully featured integrated development environment IDE. Macro recording can produce VBA code replicating user actions, thus allowing simple automation of regular tasks. The language supports use but not creation of ActiveX COM DLL 's; later versions add support for class modules allowing the use of basic object-oriented programming techniques. The automation functionality provided by VBA made Excel a target for macro viruses.
This caused serious problems until antivirus products began to detect these viruses.
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Microsoft belatedly took steps for prevent the misuse by adding the ability to disable macros xecel, to enable macros when opening a workbook or excel trust all macros microslft using a trusted certificate. Versions 5. Mac in with Microsoft Office for Windows 95this is the microosoft major version after Excel 5. Included fpr Office 97 for x86 and Alpha.
Microoft was a major upgrade that introduced the paper clip microsift assistant and featured standard VBA used instead of internal Excel Basic. Microsoft introduced the now-removed Natural Language labels.
This version of Excel includes a flight simulator as an Easter Egg. Included in Office This was a minor upgrade, but introduced an upgrade to the clipboard where it can hold multiple objects at once. The Office Assistant, whose frequent unsolicited appearance in Excel 97 had annoyed many users, became less intrusive. Included in Office XP. Very minor enhancements. Minor enhancements, most significant being the new Tables.
This release was a major upgrade from the previous version. Similar to other updated Office products, Excel in used the new Ribbon menu system.
This was different from what users were used to, and was met with mixed reactions. One study reported fairly good acceptance by users except highly experienced users and users of word processing applications with a classical WIMP interfacebut was less convinced in terms of efficiency and organisation.
Added functionality included the SmartArt set of editable business diagrams. Also added was an improved management of named variables through the Name Managerand much improved flexibility in formatting graphs, which allow x, y coordinate labeling and lines of arbitrary weight.
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Several improvements for pivot tables were introduced. Specifically, many of the size for of previous 2010 were greatly increased. To illustrate, the number of for was now 1, 2 20 and columns was 16, 2 14 ; microsoft far-right column is XFD.
Included in Macthis is the next major version after v Minor enhancements mac bit support,  microsoft the following:. Included in Officealong with a lot of new tools included in this release:. Excel excel many user excel tweaks over the earliest electronic spreadsheets; however, the essence remains 2010 same as in the original spreadsheet software, VisiCalc : the program displays cells organized in rows and columns, and each cell 2010 contain data or a formula, with relative or absolute references microsoft other cells.
Excel became the first spreadsheet to allow mac user to define the appearance of spreadsheets fonts, character attributes and cell appearance. It also introduced intelligent cell recomputation, excel only cells dependent on the cell being modified are updated previous spreadsheet programs recomputed everything all the time or waited for a specific user command.
Excel introduced auto-fill, the ability to drag and expand the selection box to automatically copy cell or row contents to adjacent cells or rows, adjusting the copies intelligently by automatically incrementing cell references or contents.
Excel also introduced extensive graphing capabilities. Because Excel is widely used, it has been attacked by hackers. While Excel is not directly exposed to the Internet, if an attacker can get a victim to open a file in Excel, and there is an appropriate security bug in Excel, then the attacker can get control of the victim's computer.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Spreadsheet editor, part of Microsoft Office. A simple line chart being created in Excel, running on Windows Office Main article: Spreadsheet. Main article: Visual Basic for Applications. Main article: Microsoft Office password protection. Main article: Numeric precision in Microsoft Excel.
Microsoft Docs. Retrieved October 8, The Verge. Retrieved August 15, CBS Interactive. Retrieved February 7, Retrieved October 15, Retrieved September 17, Retrieved October 18, Excel For Dummies. Excel Workbook for Dummies 2nd ed. Advanced Excel for scientific data analysis. Oxford University Press. Excel scientific and engineering cookbook. Microsoft Excel 97 Developer's Handbook. Microsoft Press. Excellent examples are developed that show just how applications can be designed.
Data, statistics, and decision models with Excel. Developing spreadsheet-based decision support systems: using Excel and VBA. Dynamic Ideas. Archived from the original on February 21, Retrieved April 7, See, for example, Austerlitz, Howard Data acquisition techniques using PCs 2nd ed.
Academic Press. Microsoft Help and Support. Microsoft Support. May 7, Retrieved December 14, Microsoft Excel accepts a number of optional switches that you can use to control how the program starts. Explore training.
Fof templates. Browse tips. Go to YouTube. In this episode of our monthly series, we'll tell you about the improvements we've rolled out to Excel for Mac. From new functions, to AutoSave, to an improved Visual Basic Editor -- you'll see why using Excel on the Mac is even better than before.
Learn more. Move or copy worksheets or worksheet data. Save a workbook in another file format. Create a drop-down list.
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Freeze panes to lock rows and columns. Calculate the difference between two dates. List of all Excel functions available. How to avoid broken formulas.